Sudan’s civil war has caused mass displacement, prompting the UN to call for immediate assistance from the international community. The rival factions of the Sudanese army- the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) and the paramilitary Rapid Support Forces (RAF)- have been engaged in warfare since April 15, 2023 and the last few months have witnessed the displacement of countless people. As per UN news, as many as 6 million people have been displaced within Sudan and another “1.7 million civilians have sought refuge across borders in South Sudan, Chad, Ethiopia, Egypt, the Central African Republic, and Libya”.
IOM Appeals For Funds
UN news further reported that The International Organization for Migration (IMO) has made an appeal for $307 million to help those afflicted by the war including the “internally displaced individuals, refugees, returnees and third-country nationals”.
The war has breached various international humanitarian laws and violation of human rights as well as an increase in ethnic violence against the African Masalit community.
Human rights expert Radhouane Nouicer, on Wednesday, January 17, expressed his concerns regarding the rising tensions in Sudan and called for an immediate end to the war-induced atrocities.
Source of Sudan’s Turbulence
The north African country has always been subjected to political turbulence. Its key resources-in the form of oil and gold- and strategic geopolitical location has rendered the region vulnerable to internal conflicts between various interest groups. The latest hostilities between SAF’s Army General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan and RSF leader General Mohamed Hamdan Dagalo (Hemedti) is mainly the result of the latter’s reluctance towards being integrated with the governments armed forces. Hemedti is known for engaging in various illegal trading activities and gold mining, the incorporation will thus, inevitably lead to him losing his political and economic leverage.
The individual interests of the groups has thereby, rendered the country volatile, leaving its citizens under the perils of humanitarian crises.